Available at ABIQUIM, Anuario da industria qui’mica brasileira. Associacao Brasileira da Industria Quimica, Sao. Associação Brasileira da Indústria Química. Anuário da Indústria Química Brasileira (ABIQUIM, ). Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia e Inovação. Anuário da Indústria Química Brasileira (ABIQUIM, ). Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI). Emissões de Gases de.
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Emission factor FE 1 For the calculation of direct N 2 Anuaeio emissions from animal manure applied to soil as fertilizer, an emission factor of 0. As SEEG estimates and products are also constantly revised and improved, updated versions can be found in its website The melon and watermelon data to and for pineapple all available periods are presented in “thousand units.
Type breakdown was carried out by the proportions in closest available years and respectively. Road transport fuel combustion abiwuim Road transport energy consumption data available in the Brazilian National Energy Balance 65 is detailed only by fuel type.
The following equation represents this methodology:. These fractions were used to calculate the percentage excreted N in manure handled according to this manure management systems. Emission estimation methods defined a structure for results presentation in five levels: For years prior toit was assumed that consumption of these gases was not relevant; thus, the emissions reported for these years are zero.
Total lime production data between and was obtained from the reference report of the geology mining and mineral processing plan on lime profile Phthalic anhydride, butadiene styrene and ethylbenzene: CO 2 emissions from biomass agiquim wood, charcoal, crop residues, alcohol, sugarcane bagasse, biogas and other biomass products are not accounted for in the Energy Sector as these emissions are offset by CO 2 absorption during photosynthesis process.
The equation above was also applied to emission estimations, but adopting as the base year instead of Sulphur hexafluoride consumption At the end of thermal reduction process, magnesium is liquid.
Eventual data gaps were also filled using mathematical approaches as cited above, which are described in details in the supplementary material.
For the estimation of the variation of soil carbon stocks C soil carbon stockCO 2 emissions and removals in SEEG were calculated according to the formula below, which is a function of soil use and management abiquik and their respective factors of emission and removal.
The Abiqjim refers to the fraction of waste degraded anaerobically, this anuarioo takes into account the fact that unmanaged SWDS produce less CH 4 than anaerobic managed sites. The emission factors applied Fe CO2 are the same published by the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation in its fuel combustion GHG emissions — bottom-up approach reference report 79 Therefore, methodologies and information sources used to produce these estimations are the same as those presented in the pig iron and steel production section.
The amount of vinasse, a byproduct of the process of producing ethanol from sugarcane that is applied as organic fertilizer was estimated based on the production of ethanol PE at state level using data from the Sugarcane Industry Association 64from Oil and natural gas extraction and production: Ethylene oxide production In Brazil, ethylene oxide is produced by ethylene direct oxidation with air.
Production data survey follows Supplementary Table S2 for the period until ; fromproduction was fixed by simplification due to data unavailability.
The Supplementary figure S2 represents the data processing used sequence.
Soil carbon stock variation is highly uncertain by nature. Emissions of methane, nitrous oxide, carbon monoxide and other nitrogen oxides from the burning of crop residues To estimate of CH 4CO, N 2 O and NO x emissions from burning crop residues sugarcane and cotton by state, there was a replication of the Tier 2 methodology described in MCTI 69given by the following equation: Ferroalloy and other non-ferrous metal production Ferroalloy and other non-ferrous metal except aluminum and magnesium production emissions are also from consumption of fuels as reducing agents in blast furnaces charcoal, petroleum coke, coal coke and mineral coal.
Does conservation agriculture deliver climate change mitigation through soil carbon sequestration in tropical agro-ecosystems? However, except for the Amazon biome, there are no data for the entire period for the other biomes. Sulphur hexafluoride consumption At the end of thermal reduction process, magnesium is liquid. On the other hand, these estimates provide a framework able to calculate carbon stock variation of agriculture soils as well as to be improved as science advances on that issue.
Calcium carbide production Calcium carbide national production is carried out by reducing quicklime CaO with petroleum coke or charcoal C. All other energy sector emission estimations at subnational level fuel combustion and oil and natural gas industry fugitive emissions resulted from the following equation: SEEG estimates indirect N 2 O emissions from atmospheric deposition of N volatilized from the application of synthetic fertilizer applied to soil according to the following equation It was not possible to gather subnational level publicly available information regarding ethylene oxide production.
These emissions are related to fuel extraction, storage, processing and product transportation activities 81 For coal mining CO 2 fugitive emissions, the methodology adopted in the reference report on coal mining and treatment for GHG fugitive emissions reference report published by MCTI 81 is not entirely available. The default value used was 0.
The following exceptions used simplifications in the absence of data linear regressions or production fixed for the period known:. Removals of emissions for the land use change sector are calculated using the protected areas conservation units and indigenous landsconsidered to be areas of managed forests In this process, there are carbon dioxide and methane emissions.
Soda ash Na 2 CO 3 consumption is responsible for GHG emissions related to pulp and paper industries, soaps and detergents production, water treatment and glass production. Subnational level emissions from these activities were not allocated for data unavailability. Calculation of the average annual deforestation based on the National Inventory data