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Color Analysis – CIE94 (ASTM E with ASTM D). Color Analysis – Hunter (ASTM E & ASTM D). Scope: Hunter Lab and XYZ are standard . This standard is issued under the fixed designation D ; the number 1 This practice is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E12 on Color and. ASTM D Standard Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates.

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Formally confirming that your products and services meet all trusted external and internal standards. Today, while instruments intended for use in color measurements share many common components, UV-VIS analytical spectrophotometers are designed to optimize their use in chemometric quantitative analysis, which requires very precise spectral position and very narrow bandpass and moderate baseline stability.

Due to copyright restrictions, we are not able to provide copies of standards. A color difference equation quanti? Whether your business is local or global, we can ensure your products meet quality, health, environmental, safety, and social accountability standards for virtually any market around the world.

This is dd2244 to what is observed. To avoid confusion, color differences among specimens or the associated tolerances should be compared only when they are obtained for the same color-scale system.

Color Analysis – CIE94 (ASTM E with ASTM D)

Thus computed color differences are based only on the Euclidean distance in awtm DIN99 space. Certification Formally confirming that your products and services meet all astj external and internal standards. The revision published in omitted these sections, and limited the color spaces and color-difference equations considered, to the three most widely used in the paint and related coatings industry. Through our network of over 43, people in 1, laboratories and offices in countries, Intertek provides quality and safety solutions to a wide range of industries around the world.


For specimens that are matte, randomly rough, or mildly textured, values intermediate between 1: ASTM D von The CIELAB metric, with its associated color-difference equation, has found wide acceptance in the coatings, plastics, textiles and related industries. The three tolerance equations given here have been tested extensively against such data for textiles and plastics and have been shown to agree with the visual evaluations to within the experimental uncertainty of the visual judgments.

Color Analysis – CIE94 (ASTM E1347 with ASTM D2244)

Thus the equation is highly optimized for pairwise comparison of a product standard to a production test specimen but not for statistical process control. Those conditions are given in Table 1. Good correlation with the visual judgments may not be obtained when the calculations are made with other illuminants. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. The most common values are 2: Consequently, color differences are seldom if ever computed directly from differences in x, y, and Y.

Inter-changing the reference and test specimens does not change either the perceived or predicted color differences. Color-difference units are computed, from these color-scale values, and approximate the perceived color differences between the reference and the test specimen. That implies that the equations themselves misclassify a color difference with a frequency no greater than that of the most experienced visual color matcher.

Good correlation with the visual judgments may not be obtained when d22444 calculations are made with other illuminants. The next section, uses data from a commercial collaborative testing program to illustrate precision for d22244 material. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.


This method of computing a metric hue difference loses the information about the sign of the hue difference positive or negative and can be unstable for pairs of colors near the neutral axis.

Hunter Lab and XYZ are standard three dimensional color spaces that allows a precise definition of the color of a test sample. Typically a 50 mm 2″ or mm 4″ disk Data: Use of a tolerance equation for other than daylight conditions will require visual confirmation of the level of metamerism in accordance with Practice D Assurance Enabling you to identify and mitigate the intrinsic risk in your operations, supply chains and business processes.


In the process, the researchers came to the conclusion that neither formula was truly optimum. A previous revision added two new color tolerance equations and put two of the color difference equations from the version in an informative appendix for historical purposes. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

The color dependent functions are de? All the k values default to 1 in the absence of speci?

Evaluating how your products and services meet and exceed quality, safety, sustainability and performance standards. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below.