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You agree to abide by all applicable anti-corruption laws, including laws prohibiting illegal payments to people for a corrupt purpose in relation to these. Clase 5 bocio endemico download as powerpoint presentation. Prevalence and geographical distribution of endemic goitre. Saude publica avaliacao do bocio. May-Jul;23()– [PubMed]; STACPOOLE HH. La profilaxis del bocio endemico en Mexico. Bol Oficina Sanit Panam. Mar;36(3)–

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At a national level, it is estimated that, from tothe consumption of industrialized foods increased 6. WHO [database on the internet]. In this cross-sectional study, we describe iodine nutrition status in Mexican children from elementary state schools in municipalities considered vulnerable to iodine deficiency and its relationship with the global nutrition status and the social gap index, a socioeconomic indicator.

SGI was created by the National Council for Evaluation of Social Development Policy CONEVAL that, according to the Mexican law, represents the authority and has the responsibility to establish these guidelines and criteria for the definition, identification, and measurement of poverty Open in a separate window. Assessment of iodine deficiency disorders and monitoring their elimination: As mentioned, we identified table salt samples without iodine.

In addition, intensive and permanent educative and normative programs are needed to guarantee the availability and consumption of table salt with adequate iodine content. Yoduria en escolares y embarazadas del estado Trujillo, Venezuela Twenty-four percent of families obtained water from wells contaminated with arsenicum and mercury in Pachuca and Ixmiquilpan, and with colibacilli in Ixmiquilpan.

Correlation analyses endmeico UIC and global nutrition status indicators and SGI using data from the 50 schools are shown in Figures mexcio and 3.

Endemic goiter in Latin America

All table salt samples were analyzed qualitatively to identify the presence of iodate using a kit Bioteccsa Laboratorios, Sonora, Mexico.

Iodine nutrition improves in Latin America.

We grouped data according to three geo-political levels: In general, it is accepted that 30 urine samples are enough to calculate the median of UIC 2. Services on Demand Journal. Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. This seemingly contradiction could be explained by the access to other dietary sources of iodine, such as processed food, considering ejdemico lower SGI and the subsequent higher social development.


Finally, high rates of congenital hypothyroidism were used as a third criterion of selection. Seven deadly sins endemkco confronting endemic iodine deficiency, and how to avoid them. Bol Oficina Sanit Panam. Moreover, there is coexistence between the two extremes of iodine intake insufficient and excessive.

In this regard, stunting prevalence in schoolchildren in was Copyright and License information Disclaimer. However, in 7 cases, the number of children that took part in the day of data collection was less than 30, and in some cases, age range was between 5 to 16 years old.

There is coexistence between the two extremes of iodine intake insufficient and excessive.

As it may be observed, the municipalities of Jalpan de Serra and Pinal de Amoles had the lowest height. Iodine nutrition; obesity; urinary iodine concentration; schoolchildren; stunting; social gap index. Besides, inside or near most Mexican elementary schools, there are small stores that sell snack foods rich in energy, carbohydrates, fat, and iodized salt Further studies are needed to document the impact of both obesity and iodine excess in children thyroid function.

Iodine deficiency in On the endemici hand, because iodine deficiency is associated with poverty and chronic undernutrition 18,19high rates of stunting prevalence were used as a second criterion. Rev Argent Endocrinol Metab.

bocio endemico en mexico pdf fonatur

The Swiss iodized salt program provides adequate gocio for school children and pregnant women, but weaning infants not receiving iodine-containing complementary foods as well as their mothers are iodine deficient.

Due to the wide age range 5 to 16 years we analyzed separately the years group and found no differences in the UIC compared with the whole sample. All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Please review our privacy policy.

Urinary iodine excretion is the most appropriate outcome indicator for iodine deficiency at field conditions at district level. Iodine nutrition in elementary state schools of Queretaro, Mexico: Birth prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism in Mexico. These UIC levels are lower than in some Latin American countries, and this may be because in the USA and Switzerland, the addition of iodine to salt for direct human consumption or for food industry is not mandatory.

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Utilizou-se um total de 1. There are other circumstances or variables that should be taken into account and that are specific of a certain region or country. Eduardo Pretell and Dr. Endemic goiter in these municipalities, and in Pinal de Amoles and San Joaquin is associated with geographical characteristics. Table 4 shows detailed UIC results for each municipality, including the frequencies of UIC median values obtained in the 50 survey sites. Iodine-deficient soils are common in mountainous areas Associated Data Supplementary Materials.

For the anthropometric measurements, shoes of the subjects were removed, enddmico pockets emptied, and they wore light indoor clothing. Goiter was evaluated by manual exam and ultrasound. UIC determinations were performed by the Sandell-Kolthoff method after sample digestion with ammonium persulfate, according to Bicio and cols. To measure the frequency of goiter and the presence of potential goitrogens in a sample of school-age children and pregnant women.

However, we did not find a significant association for the altitude on UIC, which is in accordance to the results obtained by Aghini-Lombardi and cols.

These data are in agreement with the quantitative analysis of iodine content in the subsample of table salt Table 3.

Thyroid function derangement and childhood obesity: Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References. Therefore, we assume that snack foods are bpcio rich, too.