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Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) is a recognised obstetric problem with potential risk to both mother and infant. Identification of those. Journal of Pregnancy Risk factors for cephalopelvic disproportion in nulliparous women are especially Each woman’s risk factor profile for Cephalopelvic Disproportion (CPD) was used to estimate her Upper Limit of. Results 1 – 15 of Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet practice guideline for cesarean section due to cephalopelvic disproportion.

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Maternal height and the risk of cesarean delivery in nulliparous women. She and her infant had unremarkable postpartum courses, and both were discharged to home in good condition on postpartum day 2. Patients with labor induction for PROM comprised the study group.

Short stature–an independent risk factor for Cesarean delivery. Obstetric outcomes in overweight and obese adolescents. Thereafter, a regular contraction pattern returned.

An year-old G2 P female had an uncertain last menstrual period, but a 19 week ultrasound was used to determine her EDC. Table of Contents Alerts. She required external uterine massage, one dose of IM methergine and additional IV pitocin.

Department of Family and Community Medicine. Journal of PregnancyVol. Our cases illustrate that the successful induction of a nulliparous woman with an unfavorable cervix often requires the investment of significant time on the part of both the patient and her providers. Maternal age and stature are among several factors used to screen pregnant women for potential risk of labour complications.

In either case, if spontaneous labor has not started on or before cephaloplevic UL-OTDcpd, then preventive labor induction is recommended.

Any pregnant women without pre-pregnancy weight recorded were excluded from the present study.

Nigerian Journal of Medicine

View at Google Scholar S. This is a retrospective case controlled analysis of 5, parturients who received antenatal care, and delivered at the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, from January to December Intrapartum characteristics and maternal and neonatal outcomes were recorded. A first-degree perineal tear was noted and repaired.


A G1 P0 woman in her early 20s was known to have severe depression but otherwise had an uncomplicated past medical history. She pushed for about an hour and finally delivered an 8 pound 0 ounce infant over a small second degree perineal tear.

The aim of this study was to determine the influence of maternal height, age, clinical pelvimetry, and birth weight on cephalopelvic disproportion in the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Bayelsa State. Contractions started two hours later, and cervical change was first noted 5 hours after the start of her induction.

Of these, patients who had cephalopelvic disproportion were identified. Introduction to the Prevention of Cephalopelvic Dispropotion in Nulliparous Patients Primary cesarean delivery is more common in nulliparous than multiparous women, and the mode of delivery of the first birth clearly has a major impact on future pregnancies. Maternal height and external pelvimetry to predict cephalopelvic disproportion in nulliparous African women: Labor and Birth Complications editor. Data were analysed using Stata Release 6.

The results suggest that a likely explanation for the cesarean delivery following labor induction for PROM at term in our population is underlying cephalopelvic disproportion.

Most risk factors for CPD have an established odds ratio that quantifies its impact on cesarean delivery diproportion. Private practice, poor Bishop score and estimated fetal weight CPD did not significantly change within a one year period There was no adverse outcome. Cervical change started to occur about three hours later, that is, around noontime.

Our objective was to examine adverse obstetric outcomes in overweight adolescent women. Alternatively, the fetal position is changed. Maternal height and external pelvimetry were assessed during the third trimester antenatal visit.


Obese adult pregnant women have increased rates of maternal and neonatal complications.

To investigate the influence of pre-pregnancy weight on delivery outcome and birth weight cephhalopelvic potential diabetic women with normal glucose tolerance. Of note, the two primary studies that these cases were drawn from showed slightly higher rates of operative vaginal delivery in the exposed groups and so the lower rates of major perineal injury in the exposed groups must have been the product of some other factors.

After achieving full cervical dilatation, she pushed for about one hour. Primary cesarean delivery is more common in nulliparous than multiparous women, and the mode of delivery of the first birth clearly has a major impact on future pregnancies. Maternal pre-pregnancy overweight status and obesity as risk factors for cesarean delivery. With rates of overweight increasing overall, overweight in the gravid adolescent is a pressing perinatal and public health concern.

Maternal age, gravidity, parity, maternal height, pre-pregnancy weight, gestational age, weight before delivery, weight gainsymphysis-fundal height, birthweight and newborn gender were mainly focused. Information were obtained from medical records. cepalopelvic

Cephalopelvic Disproportion (CPD): Causes and Diagnosis

Determining the UL-OTDcpd in nulliparous patients, and carefully inducing each patient who has not entered labor by her UL-OTDcpd, may be an effective way of lowering rates of cesarean delivery in nulliparous women. Risk indicators significantly associated with cesarean section due to cephalopelvic disproportion included symphysis-fundal height greater than 35 cm. The prediction by the risk score was tested with an area under the receiver operating characteristic ROC curve of a logistic regression.