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The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) designed to be a comprehensive assessment of physical. The FAAM is a self-report measure that assesses physical function of individuals with lower leg, foot, and ankle Patient Reported Outcomes. The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a region-specific, non–disease- specific outcome instrument that possesses many of the clinimetric qualities.

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Open in a separate window. Balance training for persons with functionally unstable ankles. Evidence of validity to support the use of the FAAM is available in individuals with a wide array of ankle and foot disorders.

The content on or accessible through Physiopedia is for informational purposes only. We did not monitor these athletes over time following an intervention to capture data related to the instrument’s reliability and responsiveness, including the minimal detectable change and the minimal clinically important difference. The minimal clinically important differences were 8 and 9 points for the ADL and Sports subscales, respectively.

The Sports subscale assesses more difficult tasks that are essential to sport, it is a population-specific subscale designed for athletes [1] [2] [3]. Address correspondence to Christopher R. meqsure

Conversely, data related to the minimal detectable change and the minimal clinically important difference have been identified for the FAAM; however, these data are specific to the population and timeframes for which they were established.

Subsequently, the FADI underwent rigorous psychometric analysis, including analysis with item response theory.

Evidence of validity for the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM).

A higher score represents a higher level of physical function. The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure FAAM is a region-specific, non—disease-specific outcome instrument that possesses many of the clinimetric qualities recommended for an outcome instrument.

A survey of self-reported outcome instruments for the foot and ankle. Item score totals, which range from 0 to 84 for the ADL subscale and from 0 to 32 for the sports subscale, are transformed to percentage scores.

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Free online Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) score calculator – orthotoolkit

The score on each of the items are added together to get the item score total. Foot and Ankle Ability Measure. The study was approved by the university’s Institutional Review Board. Validity evidence was provided by subjects that were expected to change and 79 subjects that were expected to remain stable.


Arch Phys Med Rehabil.

Information acquired from an evaluative instrument is useful only if evidence is available to support the interpretation of scores obtained in the specific population in which the instrument is intended taam be used. Although we cannot be certain why 4 participants identified their ankles as normalwe suspect that the instructions on the FAAM may have influenced them.

The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure is a item questionnaire divided into two subscales: When refering to evidence in academic writing, you should always try to reference the primary original source. The total number of items with a response is multiplied by 4 to get the highest potential score. Original Editors – Niels Verbeeck. Evidence for construct validity includes how the scores on the instrument relate to other measures of the construct.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. All athletes in the healthy group and 4 athletes in the Afam group categorically rated their ankles as normal.

Procedures Each potential participant completed the screening questionnaire and provided a medical history.

The ADL global rating of function is meant to represent more basic functional daily activities, but athletes may view sports participation as a daily activity. A Kendall tau measurr correlation coefficient measured the relationship between FAAM scores and subjects’ global rating scores for both the ADL and sports subscales. The item score total is divided by the highest potential score.

Test retest reliability was 0. This value is multiplied by to get a percentage. Evidence for content validity, construct validity, reliability, and responsiveness was obtained among subjects who were separated into a group expected to change and a group expected to remain stable. Hypothesis testing is used to determine if the instrument performs as otcome and is a method that is capable of providing evidence for construct validity.

Evidence of validity for the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM).

If one item is not answered ouhcome highest score is 80, if two are not answered the total highest score is 76, etc. A total of 53 athletes expressed interest in the study. However, in the CAI group, 4 athletes rated their ankles as normal ; 10, as nearly normal ; meassure, as abnormal ; and 0, as severely abnormal. Physiopedia articles are best used to find the original sources of information see the references list at the bottom of the article. Scores on the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure activities of daily living and sports subscales were greater in healthy athletes than in those with chronic ankle instability and were greater in the athletes who indicated that their ankles were normal than in those who indicated that their ankles were nearly normal or abnormal.


We analyzed our data with SPSS version Of meausre remaining athletes in the CAI group, 10 categorically rated their ankles as nearly normaland 1 rated faqm ankle as abnormal. We do not believe that these athletes truly felt their ankles were functioning normally because they would not have met the identified inclusion criteria for the CAI group and their FAAM scores likely would have been higher.

These results imply that collegiate athletes with CAI have fewer limitations with ADLs than with sports activities and that the sports subscale can elucidate these limitations. The distribution of participants by sport and group assignment is presented in the Table. An epidemiological survey on ankle sprain. Data are from participants with chronic ankle instability only 2 athletes scored on both outocme.

Regardless of whether the CAI group alone or the combined group was examined, relationships ouctome stronger between the sports subscale scores and the respective global ratings of function than between the ADL subscale scores and the respective global ratings.

Contents Editors Categories Share Cite. The screening questionnaire consisted of 19 questions related to frequency and severity of previous ankle sprains. Ourcome data imply ougcome, while these athletes categorically identified their ankles as normalthis clearly was not the case. Biomechanics of the unstable ankle joint and clinical implications [abstract]. F, Van Swearingen J. Four items related to pain and one related to sleeping were removed from the ADL subscale to improve psychometric properties of the instrument.