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Hamdan Khodja (Q). Algerian academic. Hamdan ben Othman Khodja. edit. Language, Label, Description, Also known as. English. Hamdan Khodja. See more of Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum | Fazza on Facebook. Log In. or. Create New Account. See more of Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin. Hamdan Khodja is the author of Le Miroir ( avg rating, 5 ratings, 1 review, published ).

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This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. You are commenting using your WordPress. Hamdan ben Othman Khodja was an Algerian dignitary and scholar. And I feel he did wonderfully well in this regard. They also respected and protected the Kabyle and Arab shrines. The book then mentions the Ottoman government and how the Turks controlled these tough Arab and Kabyle tribes.

I always thought the book was originally written in french. So the Turks, who understood this fact, chose a way around it. Yes indeed I understand what you mean, …the people were divided in a tribal like social system and devoted to the marabou worshiping… compared to what was happening in Europe, at that time, our people seemed to be sleeping… drifting away from the world civilization flow, but still when you read the book people are portrayed as honourable people who had a code of honour who lived peacefully in their land and that was enough for them.

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Furthermore, Khodja wrote the book ” Le Miroir ” in which he denounced the encroachments by French soldiers in Algiers, thus becoming the first essayist on this subject; it was translated into French and printed in Paris in By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use.


Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Another important point mentioned in the book is the taxes. He wrote the book ” Le Miroir ” in which he denounced the encroachments by French soldiers in Algiers, thus becoming the first essayist on this subject.

Hamdan Khodja

He talked of the massacres perpetrated by the French army in several places in Algeria and he gave the example of Blida. They noticed that both the Kabyles and Arabs had a sort of adoration for their Maraboutsso they honoured them and gave them money. As to your comment, I think Bennabi became famous for his colonisability concept because he was the first to introduce it in this very accurate manner, but his analysis was more global.

Notify me of new posts via email. I finish this review by mentioning four of the many points Hamdan treated in his book.

Book review: The Mirror | Patriots on Fire

khdja He said our people have been using a broom with a short handle for N years and nobody thought of using a long handle. Unfortunately the future tells us that he was mistaken and colonialism had stronger arguments. What solution did we find? He depicts the Kabyles and the Arabs who live on the mountains and plains respectively as simple people, brave and war-lovers.

As a “kouloughli”, which was a term used to refer to the khoddja of Turkish men and Algerian women, Khodja received an excellent education and was well travelled. Notify me of new comments via email. Khodja became known as one of the most important mercants and richest men in Algiers, where he was in very great demand from colleagues desiring to participate in his commercial operations which extended to the Ottoman Empire as well as to Europe.


These people being the Turksthe Kouloughlisthe Moors and also the Kabyles and Arabs who settled in the cities and adopted their customs. You are right, the people cherished many great values.

Instead, the Turks relied on the Jews whom they appointed at many important positions. On the other hand, the people who live in the cities such as Algiers are more sophisticated, richer and more knowledgeable. Bennabi once gave an interesting example: Were we colonized because we were not enough strong to defend ourselves? Email required Address never made public. Then a chapter comes on the decadence of the government. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: This reminds me of how the French gave importance to some Marabouts and zawiyasand also how the Algerian government is doing the same today.

He mentions his own case explaining how he lost a lot of money to the Haamdan. Hamdan Khodja shares his perspective on the French invasion and tries to explain the causes of its success. As much as we should work on our colonisability, the Europeans should work on their colonisity. He even advised the French to leave Algeria promising benefits for both parts.

Have you read the arabic version? The same thing goes for the Arab tribes with their horse-riding skills. Last, I disagree when you say the white Europeans are the only to blame for what happened to the Native Americans.