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Life. Saʿd ibn Manṣūr ibn Saʿd ibn al-Ḥasan ibn Hibat Allāh Ibn Kammūna al- Baghdādī was a Jewish philosopher who presumably held an administrative. Physician and man of letters, Ibn Kammuna left a number of writings on philosophy and religion. His treatise comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam caused. Critical Remarks by Najm al-Din al-Katibi on the Kitab al-Ma’alim. Together with the Commentaries by Izz al-Dawla ibn Kammuna. by Sabine Schmidtke.

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One-quarter of his short ethical-philosophical treatise, the It promises to be a rich source for the mammuna of Ishraqi philosophy and for a broad range of topics debated by thinkers of the period. There is far less agreement as to how to assess the worth of editions, as well as the need or lack thereof for redoing editions that are already available. Two key texts have been reissued in the original. As for metaphysics and psychology, we conclude by means of hads that intellect is more perfect than soul [ed.

On the other hand, he evidently accepted some of the criticisms leveled at Avicenna by Abu-l-Barakat al-Baghdadi and Fakhr al-Din al-Razi.

Help Center Find new research papers in: Yet in the pietistic writings, where one would expect to find the usual Sufi term, dhawq is not employed.

Ibn Kammuna (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

These ideas were helpful in developing a political theory of prophecy; the prophet, like the philosopher-king, is a visionary, gifted with lbn leadership as well as the ability to impose a code of behavior upon his people.

Despite all of these developments, however, Ibn Kammuna supplies here exactly kammunw same time-worn example used by Ibn Sina and before him by Aristotlei. University of North Carolina. This will allow us to get a handle on a key feature of his philosophical thinking, as well as to observe the different ways the same concept is treated within the different projects that Ibn Kammuna undertook. Like so many other features of his work, it can be understood only in the context of the Avicennan legacy.


Ibn Kammuna is aware of the questions that are under debate, and as a rule he formulates a clear point of view. Ibn Kammuna also corresponded with some leading intellectuals, notably Nasir al-Din al-Tusi. Click here to sign up. In general, bibliographies of recent works are going to be much better linked than bibliographies of primary literature and older works.

Ibn Kammuna’s commentary on al-Suhrawardi’s Talwihat is his longest work and, to judge from the number of surviving manuscripts, his most widely read. On the Kqmmuna of the Celestial Bodies: Although it is repeatedly invoked as the source for scientific knowledge, hads is not a tool of scientific inquiry, but rather a way of explaining, post factohow a thinker hit upon the solution to a difficult problem.

These are discussed in the final section of this entry. Open access to the SEP is made possible by a world-wide funding initiative. Finally, the present article hopes to add to his intellectual portrait the deep piety evident in his ethical treatises, which draw upon Jewish, Islamic, and non-denominational philosophic sources.

He concludes that we are still in need of a reliable edition. In a later section of The New Wisdom Ibn Kammuna reproduces almost word-for-word the final definition of hads given by Ibn Sina in his Pointers al-Isharatone of his later writings.

Why I Am Not a Muslim, p. Hads was not just one more function to be added to the basket of terminologies used to explain psychological processes.

The first of these includes veridical dreams, divination, and other cases in which the unknown is revealed.

Interdisciplinary Journal of Middle Eastern Studies9: In part this is a supercommentary, that is, a response to an earlier set of glosses prepared by his contemporary, Najm al-Din al-Katibi al-Qazwini d.

Muslim and Jewish thinkers would certainly want it to be so, but proving this point was no simple matter. The Hebrew University Magnes Press.

We cite here the most important works, mainly in English. He may have been descended from a family of courtiers; he certainly had connections to some high officials, some of whom were his patrons. Conference on ‘Ilm Adelaide, July In the intervening years, not a few editions of writings by Ibn Kammuna have appeared.


Ibn Kammuna has clearly mastered both idioms. Science Logic and Mathematics.

In addition, he emphasizes here that the fruits of this special type of knowledge can be fully appreciated only by someone who has experienced them. Schearing in Renaissance Quarterly ibbn How to cite this entry. However, one should not make too much of this. His impact on Jewish thought was minimal at best.

Ibn Kammuna

It is divided into seven sections. Now two editions of the full text have been prepared: Whosoever abandons bodily excesses, makes the best of necessities, and keeps away from people [by living] in mountaintops and empty spaces, thinking about the fine points of divine wisdom, intensely and purely devoted to Him, and at times singing about this in well-known harmonious melodies, with poetic speech, about the greatness of God Most High—he will receive some of the divine pleasures, such that are impossible to describe, and speech is too restricted to express; that is, if he is endowed to accept this path.

Shortly before his death inIbn Kammuna fled Baghdad kammunaa the nearby town of Hilla. Those who did not receive the gift of hads at birth can get a taste of the divine if they cultivate the Iammuna methods of isolation, mediation, music and prayer. Much of his legacy, contained in the form of commentaries, correspondence, and treatise still survives today and makes up part of the historical remnants of his time. It is not clear whether Ibn Kammuna attempted to formulate positions reflecting an actual consensus within each community which would lend even greater historical interest to his textor whether he forged his own synthesis from a melange kammnua doctrines taken from existing literature.

Illuminationist philosophy ; al-Suhrawardi. Kammkna main difference is that the code ib the prophet is expressly not of his own devise, but rather revealed by some supernal source. Related Entries Arabic and Islamic Philosophy, special topics in: