It has sometimes been erroneously compared to the fief of medieval Europe. The iqṭāʿ system was established in the 9th century ad to relieve the state treasury. The iqtadari was a unique type of land distribution and administrative system evolved during the Sultanate per~od. Under the system, the whole. Meaning of the Iqta system: ‘Iqta’ is an Arabic word denoting a sort of administrative regional unit. It is usually considered equivalent to a province. Initially the.
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Jackson makes almost every muqti recorded in the 13 th c. He had a council of trusted advisers, called majlis-i-khaiwat which he consulted on important occasions but he was not bound to accept its decision.
They united the Amirs of Persia and reorganized their land into Iqtas, whose borders remained largely similar to the predecessor states.
Name of the School I Teach: It is thus clear that the muqtis only hold the land under the king, the land in truth belongs to the Sultan.
The revenue collected was to be used to fulfill the obligations syxtem the Sultan who would fix the strength and pay for the troops. The sultan was the chief law-giver and the final court of appeal. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.
Irfan Habib has chosen to see the history of Delhi through the administration of Iqta. In the 13 th c, the muqtis were commissioned to take charge not of a local territorial unit sytsem a local situation. Later, under Firoz Shah Tughlaq it became hereditary. The holders of small iqtas were individual troopers. The provinces were also called iqtas.
It is thus clear that the muqtis only hold the land under the king, the land in truth belongs to the Sultan. The money was used to pay for the landowner’s army, which could be called by the Sultan at any time, making up for a relatively quick mobilisation and highly professional iata. Muktis or systdm were responsible for law and order and collection of taxes in their iqtas or provinces. The principle of heredity was not that popular nor that irrelevant in allocation of certain major iqtas in the 13 th c.
The revenues they got from the iqtas were meant to be resources syxtem him to do the same. They had to maintain the troops and furnish them at call.
It is used as a territorial assignment whose holder was designated as Mukti Muqti or Iqtadar. They had no other right to the subjects apart from the taxes as long as taxes were paid. The diwan-i-insha headed by dahir-i-mumalik managed the royal correspondence. Under the system, the whole empire was divided iqfa several large and small tracts of land, called the iqtas, which were assigned to nobles, officers and soldiers for the purpose of administration and revenue collection.
The process of centralization as a clear policy was implemented under Balban. Please try again later.
A small part of the money was to be given to the Sultan, but the percentage was usually insignificant compared to the other expenses. The grant was merely a wage, and as soon as the land or its people were depleted, it was exchanged for a more productive area. Suggest the ways to resolve these issues.
The conquest of Mohammad Ghori and establishment of the Sultanate brought major kqta in the land revenue system in India. Each shiq was divided into a number of parganas, groups of hundred villages. Muhammad of Ghur was the first to introduce the iqta system in India, but it was lltutrnish who gave it an institutional form.
It was seen to it that transfers were also qita more frequently. Keep Exploring Britannica English language. The muqti was not to have any territorial possessions of his own though he could sub-assign Iqtas from within his territory to anyone he chose.
Nizam al-Mulk emphasizes an important element in the iqta- muqti’s right to collect and appropriate taxes. The shiqdar was responsible for maintaining law and order in their areas. Iqtaa part of a policy of tighter control over the mobility, he demanded excess revenue or surplus over and above the expenditure incurred by the Muqti. When the revenue has been realized from them, those subjects should remain secure from any demands of the muqtis in respect of their persons, wealth, families, lands and goods.
The subjects can go to the King and address their grievances in case they are being subjugated by the muqtis. The revenue was meant for the muqti’s own expenses, payment and maintenance of the troops and the rest had to be sent back to the king. The Amir was responsible for maintenance of administration and military arrangement within the iqta.
The muqtis can’t hold any further claims on them.