El presente libro da a conocer el gran misterio de la biblia desenterrada propuesta por Arqueólogos by shernandez_ La Biblia Desenterrada by Israel Finkelstein, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology’s New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts, a book published in , discusses the archaeology of.
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A review of the book by fellow archeologist William G. Retrieved 30 January Dever’s review noted that the book had many strengths, notably archaeology’s potential for re-writing the history of “Ancient Israel”, but complained that it misrepresented his own views and concluded by characterizing Finkelstein as “idiosyncratic and doctrinaire”; Finkelstein’s reaction was to call Dever a “jealous academic parasite,” and the debate quickly degenerated from that point.
His successor and sonManassehreversed the religious changes, re-introducing religious pluralism; Finkelstein and Silberman suggest that this may have been an attempt to gain co-operation from village elders and clans, so that he would not need so much centralised administration, and could therefore allow the countryside to return to economic autonomy.
Judah, as a loyal Egyptian vassal-state, resisted, with disastrous consequences: For example, the fortifications of Lachish were heavily strengthened by Hezekiah,  but it was besieged, fell, and was then burnt to the ground; according to an illustration on the walls of the Assyrian palace at Ninevahthe Assyrians deported the city’s population and religious objects before they burnt it.
Israel Finkelstein and Neil Asher Silberman. Finkelstein and Silberman note that most scholars regard the core of Deuteronomy as being the “scroll of the law” in question, and regard it as having been written not long before it was ‘found’, rather than being an ancient missing scroll as characterised in the Bible;  Deuteronomy is strikingly similar to early 7th century Assyrian vassal -treaties, in which are set out the rights and obligations of a vassal state in this case Judah to their sovereign in this case, Yahweh.
But when the Babylonian faction eventually won the Assyrian civil war, they set out to forcibly retake the former Assyrian tributaries.
The Bible Unearthed was well received by some biblical scholars and archaeologists and critically by others. However, as The Bible Unearthed points out, this contrasts with the Assyrian record on the Taylor Prism in which Hezekiah’s mercenaries abandoned him, and he only then convinced the Assyrian army to leave by handing over not only vast amounts of money, jewels, and high quality ivory-inlaid furniture, but also his own daughters, harem, and musicians, and making Judah into a tributary state of the Assyrians.
Imagination invariably exceeds the evidence; research makes plausible the reconstruction. Archived from the original on desentdrrada October Necho had been merely ‘passing through’, leading resenterrada army to join the Assyrian civil war on the side of the Assyrian rather than Babylonian faction,  but Josiah was killed; the circumstances of his death are uncertain, though the Book of Chronicles claims that despite Necho’s lack of enmity for Josiah, Josiah insisted on attacking him.
Dust-jacket for The Bible Unearthed. The methodology applied by the authors is historical criticism with an emphasis on archaeology.
Finkelstein and Silberman suggest that Necho may have objected to Josiah’s expansionist policies, which could have threatened the Egyptian dominance of the region to the west of Judah the Philistine lands or of the strategically important Jezreel Valley to its north, or could equally have objected to the effect of the new deuteronomic social policies on the caravan routes, which ran through southern Judah. Fortunately, the book does not achieve its goal: This article’s lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents.
Finkelstein and Silberman view this account as the result of the telescoping effect of the vagaries of folk memory about destruction caused by other events;  modern archaeological examination of these cities shows that their destruction spanned a period of many centuries, with Hazor being destroyed to years after Jericho,  [ citation needed ] while Ai whose name actually means ‘the ruin’ was completely abandoned for roughly a millennium “before the collapse of Late Bronze Canaan.
With Josiah’s death Egypt became suzerain over Judah. Ze’ev Herzogprofessor of archaeology at Tel Aviv Universitywrote a cover story for Haaretz in in which he reached similar conclusions following the same methodology; Herzog noted also that some of these findings have been accepted by the majority of biblical scholars and archaeologists for years and even decades, even though they have only recently begun to make a dent in the awareness of the general public.
In FebruaryAmazon. Kenneth Kitchen was critical, writing that “[A] careful critical perusal of this work—which certainly has much to say about both archaeology and the biblical writings—reveals that we are dealing very largely with a work of imaginative fiction, not a serious or reliable account of the subject”, and “Their treatment of the exodus is among the most factually ignorant and misleading that this writer has ever read.
Please consider expanding the lead to provide an desenterrdaa overview of all important aspects of the article.
Judah was flooded with refugees; the population of Israel had been nine times larger than that of Judah, so many small Judean villages suddenly became cities,  archaeology evidencing that the population of Jerusalem itself expanded by about fold, turning it from a small hilltown into a large city. The book remarks that, despite modern archaeological investigations and the meticulous ancient Egyptian records from the period of Ramesses IIthere is an obvious lack of any archaeological evidence for the migration of a band of semitic people desentergada the Sinai Peninsula except for the Hyksos.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The conflict between the returnees and those who had always been in Judah evidently required resolution; the two groups had to be reintegrated. Archaeological discoveries about society and culture in the ancient Near East lead the authors to point out a number of desenterradaa, suggestive that the narratives were actually set down in the 9th—7th centuries: Stories of exodus from oppression and conquest of land, stories of exile and return and stories of triumphal vision are eerily contemporary.
The authors take issue with the book desenterraa Joshua ‘s depiction of the Israelites conquering Canaan in only a few years—far less than the lifetime of one individual—in which cities such as HazorAiand Jerichoare destroyed. In juxtaposing the biblical record and archaeological data, they work with tantalizing fragments of a distant past.
Dever published in the Biblical Archaeology Review and subsequently in the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Researchresulted in heated exchanges between Dever and Finkelstein. Although the Hyksos are in some ways a biblis match, their main centre being at Avaris later renamed ‘Pi-Ramesses’in the heart of the region corresponding to the ‘land of Goshen’, and Manetho later writing that the Hyksos eventually founded the Temple in Jerusalem it throws up other problems, as the Bilia became not slaves but rulers, and bblia were chased away rather than chased to bring them back.
What actually happened and what a people thought happened belong to a single historical process. Finkelstein and Silberman argue that instead of the Israelites conquering Canaan after the Exodus as suggested by the book of Joshuamost of them had in fact always been there; the Israelites were simply Canaanites who developed into a distinct culture.
By BCE, the Assyrians had captured most of Judah, and then they besieged Jerusalem ; the Bible’s coverage of the events leading up to the siege is sparse, briefly listing only a few refortifications of Jerusalem, giving a passing mention to the Siloam tunneland briefly admitting to the loss of most of Judah’s cities, but archaeology gives much more detail.
There are remains of once grand cities at MegiddoHazor and Gezerwith archeological evidence showing that they suffered violent destruction. Please discuss this issue on the article’s talk page. Baruch Halpernprofessor of Jewish Studies at Pennsylvania State University and leader of the archaeological digs at Megiddo for many years, praised it as “the boldest and most exhilarating synthesis of Bible and archaeology in fifty years”,  and Jonathan Kirschwriting in the Los Angeles Timescalled it “a brutally honest assessment of what archeology can and cannot tell us about the historical accuracy of the Bible”, which embraces the spirit of modern archaeology by approaching the Bible “as an artifact to be studied and evaluated rather than a work of divine inspiration that must be embraced as a matter of true belief”.
Some archaeologists such as Eilat Mazar continue to take this “Bible and spade” approach, or, like the journal Bible and Spadeattempt to treat archaeology as a tool for proving the Bible’s accuracy, [ citation needed ] but since the s most archaeologists, such as prominent Egyptologist Kenneth Kitchen [ original research?
Retrieved from ” https: This page was last edited on 8 Septemberat The Bible claims that nearlymen in the army besieging Jerusalem were slaughtered one night by an angelcausing the Assyrian king Sennacherib to relent and return to Assyria; it immediately goes on to state that Sennacherib was killed by his sons, while he was praying to his god, implying that this was shortly after the battle.
In BCE, the Achaemenids conquered Babylon, and, in accordance with their Zoroastrian perspective, allowed the people deported by the Babylonians to return; this is described by the Cyrus Cylinderwhich also indicates that the Persians repaired the temples in these conquered lands, returning any sacred artifacts to them. Archaeology suggests that Josiah was initially successful, extending his territory northwards towards Bethela cult-centre of the kingdom of Israel;  however he then rode out to meet the Egyptian Pharaoh— Necho —at Meggido.
Writing in the website of “The Bible and Interpretation”, the authors describe their approach as one “in which the Bible is one of the most important artifacts and cultural achievements [but] not the unquestioned narrative framework into which every archaeological find must be fit.
The new king, Egypt’s vassal ruler, undid Josiah’s changes, restoring the former shrines and returning the country once again to religious pluralism.
Hezekiah’s actions had given away the gold and silver from the Jerusalem Temple impoverished his state, lost him his own daughters and concubines,  and reduced his territory to a small region around Jerusalem, most biblix the people elsewhere in Judah being deported; Manasseh had brought peace and prosperity back to the country,  but because the Book of Kings bases its decisions on theological prejudice, it condemns him as dewenterrada most sinful monarch ever to rule Judah and hails instead Hezekiah as the great king.