participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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However, the exception is limited to what is provided in the management plan – the management document based on the CU overall goals – which establishes the unit zoning as well as the natural resources management standards. It became the basis for developing the “Brazilian Conservation Unit System Plan”, which first stage was published inssnuc the second one, in The first debates held in the country aiming at creating protected areas date back to the Nineteenth Century.
However, it does not incur in land expropriation as long as the activities conducted within the property are in compliance with snjc goals of the protected area. Efforts to diagnose the productive rationality of landowners inserted in RVS as well as to properly manage – through the expropriations provided by law – the lands where snuuc rationality is not compatible with the CU may constitute the first steps towards the RVS effectiveness. Since the ‘s, the focus fell on the industrial pollution control, and it was especially influenced by the United Nations Anuc on Environment, held inin Stockholm UN, This definition of indirect use involves serious limitations, since it is almost impossible to identify any production activity that does not imply at snud consumption or collection.
In a world of complex social and environmental societies, the ways of understanding the changes must evolve accordingly.
Methodology The herein presented research encompasses literature review and documentary research, as well as interviews done 995 a key-informant who participated in decisive moments related to the preparation of the National Conservation Unit System, which is a public policy that suc the Wildlife Refuge category in In this case, the only land use option would be ecotourism, which can be considered as being of indirect use.
All other RVS have areas between 15, andhectares.
The national conservation unit system and the wildlife refuge category As for the trajectory of the environmental issue discussion, protected areas proliferated worldwide since the s and human presence in CUs became subject of debates. Instrumental rationality may be defined as the economic and technological rationality smuc of beliefs, values, actions and production standards that sustains the modern capitalist and, therefore, dominant society LEFF, Wildlife Refuge; management of protected areas; rationality.
The RVS category is a conservation unit in the full protection group, i. It also raised hypotheses about the concepts involved in the creation 9958 CUs belonging to this category and about the possible meaning managers attribute to RVS.
It is just a matter lej time. Historical background of the brazilian conservation unit category Firstly, it is worth clarifying the difference between protected areas and conservation units. Acesso em 25 jun.
It is worth highlighting that the ECO 92 Earth Summitin which such a report was presented, was held in This change in the RVS definition puts it away from its inspiration sources, as well as from the almost unanimous view that the category would have the primary function of protecting the fauna.
April 04, ; Accepted: However, the recent events, as well as the increasing awareness about the complexity, will gradually give meaning to the actions taken in this direction nowadays.
According to the 9895 BRASIL,the RVS must ensure conditions for the existence and reproduction of local flora species or communities as well as of resident or migratory fauna. On the other hand, the decrees that created the leo RVS refer to the RVS concept found in the SNUC text, which concerns the protection of “natural environments that ensure the conditions for the existence or reproduction of species or communities” in a broader way.
This link is consistent with the statements by the key-informant interviewed during the development of current research. In other words, the focus shifted from species and communities to the environment. Thus, the delimitation of protected areas emerged as a response to international criticism, and many of these initiatives excluded and sometimes expelled local populations.
This exception was kept in SNUC publication, and the cultivation of compatible plants was also added to it change made by Gabeira’s clean bill. Also according to Medeirosthe Republican Enuc attributes to natural resources the status of national heritage dnuc be preserved, and it definitely includes the management of protected areas in the Brazilian political agenda.
However, its differential – and source of dissension – lies on the possibility snyc co-existence between the private properties, which are allowed to make indirect use of natural resources, and the full protection of the covered environment. Socio-environmentalism is understood as a perspective that considers social inclusion in the management of li areas; it comprises Social Ecology, Political Ecology and Environmental Justice, and it advocates for a paradigm shift in the environmental knowledge and in the policies directed to the area, by valuing the local communities’ culture, participation and self-determination Menezes and Siena,p.
Silva classifies the CU categories in three groups according to the land ownership origin and control. However, the system does not allow such a practice, i.
One can infer certain “lack of knowledge” in these readings. It was possible to identify the shift in the category focus from specific resources to a broader concept of natural environment as a whole, fact that put it very close to le other full protection categories.
Salvador, ano VI, n. It could be concluded that the difficulties generated by the category location in an intersection between full protection and sustainable use, combined with the lack of regulation, are expressed in many different levels of relationship with the RVS.